Vol 3, No 3 (2014)

Historical Sciences and Archaeology

SOME ASPECTS OF LOWER AND MIDDLE VOLGA POPULATION INTERACTION IN NEOLITHIC AGE

Andreev K.M.

Abstract

The article analyses the problem of different Neolitization origins in specified regions. In early Neolithic Age the contacts had a small coverage. Wide-ranging penetration of Lower Volga pin- scratched pottery ornamentation tradition carriers into forest steppe refers to VI and V centuries BC. It was caused by natural and climatic reasons. Up to the late Neolithic Age the influence was one-way - from south to north.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):13-18
pages 13-18 views

THE QUESTION OF CONTEXT SPECIFIC LOCATION STONE AGE "BAIBEK"

Antimonov N.P.

Abstract

Practice of buried objects detection on satellite images obtained from spacecraft “Landsat-8” is considered.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):18-19
pages 18-19 views

ABOUT THE RATIO OF MONUMENTS OF THE KAIRSHAKSKY AND TENTEKSORSKY TYPES

Baratskov A.V.

Abstract

Of the basis of new information and estimates material worked out carefully, the author explains the thesis that the monuments of the kairshaksky and tenteksorsky types are logical stages of one culture, confirming A.A. Vybornov assumption.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):19-22
pages 19-22 views

THE NEOLITHISATION OF EURASIA: ARCHAEOLOGICAL, ARCHAEOGENTIC AND BIOMOLECULAR PERSPECTIVES

Budja M.

Abstract

The Mesolithic-Neolithic transformation was far more complex and variable process than previously hypothesised. The introduction of ceramic technology and initial pottery distributions in Eurasia show a wide-spread appearance of different pottery-making techniques and ornamental principles in different cultural and chronological contexts. The pattern cannot be explained by way of a narrow and gradual southeast - north west oriented spread of both people and vessels across Europe in the context of demic diffusion migratory model. The data indicate that ceramic technology was invented and reinvented more than once in different Palaeolithic and Neolithic contexts, and that hunter-gatherer communities made ceramic vessels elsewhere in Eurasia. Archaeogenetic data suggest that the processes of peopling Europe in prehistory were far more complex and variable than was first thought. The analyses of palimpsest of Ychromosomal paternal and mitochondrial maternal lineages in modern populations and of ancient DNA and palaeodemographic reconstructions show a complex picture of varied population trajectories elsewhere in Europe. Archaeological and biochemical data suggest that dairying and fermented milk consumption in Europe in Neolithic emerged before the genetic adaptation to milk culture.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):23-34
pages 23-34 views

NEOLITHIC POTTERY OF SURSKO-MOKSHANSKIY INTERFLUVE

Vasilieva I.N., Vybornov A.A.

Abstract

The paper presents results of cultural and chronological pottery group separation, their radiocarbon dating and comparison study of Primokshanye and Posurye Neolithic population pottery technology data. On the basis of it the issues of early pottery tradition appearance in Sursko-Mokshanskiy interfluve, peculiarities of their spreading, and also the mixture of culturally different Neolithic population groups of this territory are considered.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):35-54
pages 35-54 views

STEPPE AND FOREST-STEPPE VOLGA REGIONS IN THE EARLY NEOLITHIC PERIOD: THE PROBLEM OF CONTACTS

Viskalin A.V.

Abstract

According to the radiocarbon chronology formation of the Neolithic communities acquainted with manufacturing baked clay pottery takes place in the Steppe and Forest-steppe Volga region in the early Atlantic period about 6000 BC. Weakly ornamented Yelshanka point-bottomed pottery borrowed from Transurals was developing in the Forest-steppe Volga region at this period. As for the Steppe Volga region, plain-bottomed richly ornamented Cairshak pottery influenced by the traditions of the Transcaucasus Neolithic centers was spreading. Establishing close contact between Steppe and Forest-steppe Volga regions population dates as far back as the last quarter of the 6 th millennium BC which caused extrinsic for the Asiatic region features of the Yelshanka pottery such as smoothed body rib, crown bulge, geometrized ornament of drawn lines and dimples forming triangles, punctured zigzags. In the early 5 th millennium BC latitudinal contacts tended to substitute longitudinal ones which is proved by differences having appeared between the Steppe and Forest-steppe Volga region pottery. Tradition of producing ribbed vessels with crown bulge continued in the steppe was lost in the forest-steppe. Distribution of the non-ornamented plain-bottomed pottery of the Lugovskoy type in the Middle-Volga area also confirms the fact of developing latitudinal contacts. There is no such pottery in the Steppe Volga region but it can be found in numerous cultures south of the Russian Plain. As the most ancient sets of such pottery were found in the Bugo-Dnestr culture so it could be supposed that its dispersion beyond the original territory happened under the eastward pressure of the Tripolye culture. External character of the non-ornamented plain-bottomed pottery of the Lugovskoy type is proved by its typological heterogeneity. Vessels with body rib and crown bulge are characteristic for some of the pottery sets with sporadic ones having dimple-pearly girdle (e.g. Ust-Tashelka). In other sets the number of vessels with dimple-pearly girdles is much bigger while there are much less vessels with body rib and crown bulge (e.g. Krasny Gorodok, Lugovoye III) which reflects the process of assimilating the new-comers by the descendants of the Yelshanka culture.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):54-57
pages 54-57 views

THE CAMPSITE ORECHOVO-DONETSKOE 3 IN THE MIDDLE STREAM OF THE SEVERSKY DONETS BASIN. ON THE CHARACTERISTIC OF ONE OF THE TURNING POINT IN THE HISTORY OF THE DNIEPER-DONETS NEOLITHIC

Gorelik A.F., Tsybriy V.V.

Abstract

The materials of investigations of the early Neolithic campsite Orechovo-Donetskoe 3 in the basin of the Seversky Donets are published in this paper for the first time. The authors argue, that this site belongs to a number of numerous other sites of the hunters, collectors and fishers of so called Bondaricha stage who have extended in 6 thousand calBC in the territory of a left bank of the Seversky Donets and partly, in the Dnieper rapids area. They analyse the reasons of considerable demographic transformations at a boundary between Mesolithic and Neolithic in this region, regard the ways of communications and contacts of the population of Donets culture, show the importance of social changes as a prerequisite of process of Neolithisation.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):58-78
pages 58-78 views

THE CAMPSITE ORECHOVO-DONETSKOE 3 IN THE MIDDLE STREAM OF THE SEVERSKY DONETS BASIN. ON THE CHARACTERISTIC OF ONE OF THE TURNING POINT IN THE HISTORY OF THE DNIEPER-DONETS NEOLITHIC

Grechkina T.Y., Vybornov A.A., Kutukov D.V.

Abstract

The materials of investigations of the early Neolithic campsite Orechovo-Donetskoe 3 in the basin of the Seversky Donets are published in this paper for the first time. The authors argue, that this site belongs to a number of numerous other sites of the hunters, collectors and fishers of so called Bondaricha stage who have extended in 6 thousand calBC in the territory of a left bank of the Seversky Donets and partly, in the Dnieper rapids area. They analyse the reasons of considerable demographic transformations at a boundary between Mesolithic and Neolithic in this region, regard the ways of communications and contacts of the population of Donets culture, show the importance of social changes as a prerequisite of process of Neolithisation.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):79-90
pages 79-90 views

OF THE EARLY COMPLEX OF KOSHKINSKAY SITE ON VYATKA RIVER RIGHT BANK

Cusentzova T.M.

Abstract

On Koshkinskay site it is found 9 constructions, more than 30 holes in which the stone stock and pottery is concentrated are found. The site repeatedly became populated by the ancient population in 6 millennium BC. The part of ware can be carried to a late stage elshansky, another to srednevolzhsky to cultures of an early Neolithic.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):90-94
pages 90-94 views

NEOLITHIC FLINT ASSEMBLAGES FROM BULGARIA: AN OVERVIEW

Gurova M.

Abstract

This paper offers a brief overview of the flint assemblages from the Neolithic period in Bulgaria (VI mill. cal BC) by following their ‘evolution’ that depending on the context could also be called innovation, retardation or simply modification. Some significant changes occur during the Neolithic who reflected to all aspects of the flint industry - from the raw material acquisition via techno-typological parameters until the functional connotations of different artefacts categories. The empirical corpus of the study contains assemblages coming from 18 different sites. Expectedly whatever changes are attested as occurring alongside the evolution on the Tell settlements, there is no striking rupture and discontinuity in the flint industry as claimed on the basis of fragmentary assemblages coming from other sites belonging to different cultural stages/periods of the Neolithic. The paper ends with a series of challenging questions referring to different level of our knowledge and understanding of the gradual changes of the Neolithic lifeway.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):94-108
pages 94-108 views

PALEOECOLOGICAL habitat conditions OF THE NEOLITHIC AND BRONZE AGE TRIBES IN THE SANDS OF THE VOLGA-URAL INTERFLUVE

Ivanov I.V.

Abstract

Paleoecological conditions were reconstructed according to ancient soils, sediments, palynology and paleozoology. The nature of middle and late Neolithic Age roughly corresponded of modern semi-desert conditions, Eneolithic Age - more humid conditions of dry steppes. The development of landscapes and society in Ryn-Sands throughout the Holocene was broken-deflationary, repeatedly interrupted by periods of crises of aridization of the climate with active Eolian processes.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):108-115
pages 108-115 views

RADIOCARBON DATING OF ANCIENT POTTERY

Kulkova M.A.

Abstract

The radiocarbon dating of ancient ceramics is an important aspect of investigations both the radiocarbon analysis and the archaeology. The time of a making and using of pottery corresponds directly with the time of the ancient people existing. In spite on that fact that the pottery radiocarbon dating has many problems because of different sources of carbon inside pottery, there is the possibility for correct radiocarbon dating with using both the AMS technique and the conventional technique. The main problem of pottery radiocarbon dating is how to separate intrinsic pottery carbon from older “geological” carbon and younger carbon absorbed by pottery pores during burial. The examination of basic stages of pottery making and using gives the possibility to assess the main sources of carbon entrance to a ceramic vessel. The compositional analysis of clay and temper that had been used for pottery making should be considered. The method of the temperature control during combustion should be applied in process of the radiocarbon dating. It is very important to supply the careful chemical pretreatment of ceramics with aim to remove the older and younger contaminations. The comparison of pottery dates obtained with the relative dating according to pottery typology should use for control. The other problem of the radiocarbon dating of pottery is the reservoir effect if the freshwater and the seawater fish or seafood were used in a cooking process. If the clay has the high carbonate concentration or shells inside pot-sherds the determination of d 13C should be done after carbonate removing. The careful chemical pretreatment of ceramics must guarantee the removing of humic acids forming after burial of pot-sherds and as well as in result of food cooking. The examination of d 13C should be provided for organics from pot-sherds. The correction of radiocarbon age can be realized. If it is possible the total content of carbon should determine in pot-sherds as well. In article the

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):115-122
pages 115-122 views

EARLY NEOLITHIC POTTERY COMPLEX OF THE UPPER VOLGA CULTURE FROM SITE ZAMOSTJE 2: TYPOLOGICAL COMPOSITION AND CHRONOLOGICAL FRAMES

Lozovski V.M., Lozovskaya O.V., Zaitceva G.I., Possnert G., Kulkova M.A.

Abstract

The paper describes the complex of Early Neolithic Upper Volga culture pottery from site Zamostje 2. The analysis revealed that the vast majority of ceramics found during the excavation of site belong to the first stage of development of the Upper Volga culture - ceramics without ornaments and fragments with ornaments comprised of small dots and notches. Conducted extensive radiocarbon dating by different kinds of materials made it possible to determine the time of existence of the Upper Volga culture on the site Zamostje 2 within the 6850 - 6200 BP. Nevertheless, a small series of dates obtained from crust on fragments, demonstrates a more ancient age as compared with the main array of dates. The nature of such phenomenon currently not entirely clear .

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):122-136
pages 122-136 views

The beginning of spreading of technology of manufacturing of Geometric Microlites with dorsal flat retouch

Manko V.A.

Abstract

The author analyzes the emergence and spread of geometric microliths with flat pressing dorsal retouch in the Near and Middle East, in the basin of the Eastern Mediterranean and in Eastern Europe. We consider the typology of these products and their role in the Neolithic complexes of Eastern Europe. Author makes analysis of the typology and technology of geometrics and detected primary and secondary centers of dissemination of new technology.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):136-143
pages 136-143 views

CULTURAL-ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION THE TRANSITION FROM THE NEOLITHIC TO THE ENEOLITHIC PERIOD IN THE LOWER VOLGA REGION

Naumov I.N.

Abstract

Based on the researches data Neolithic and Eneolithic sites of the lower Volga steppes, the author characterizes the process of cultural-economic transformations at the region in the second half of the V - the beginning of the IV Millennium BC and its main factors (natural-geographic, economic and social).

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):144-148
pages 144-148 views

DURATION OF THE NEOLITHIZATION: A NORTHERN VIEW

Nordqvist K.

Abstract

This paper discusses the Neolithization and its duration in north-east Europe, traditionally seen as peripheral - and not actually Neolithic. It is proposed, through the case studies of pottery, cultivation, settlement and mass production, that conventional, Eurocentric views and definitions of the Neolithic are inadequate - Neolithic and Neolithization are much more diverse and multifaceted phenomena when observed on Eurasian or global scale. Further, Neolithization does not imply simply a technological or economic change but a more pervasive transformation in worldview. Neolithization in north-east Europe was a slow process, which took over two millennia, from the later 6th millennium BC to the mid-3rd millennium BC, or even further. Lastly, contrary to the traditional ideas propagating southern and ultimately Near-eastern origins, Northern Neolithic seems to have deep roots also in the East.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):148-155
pages 148-155 views

PLANIGRAFICHESKY ANALYSIS MATERIAL SITE OLD VOYKOVICHI 1 (ACCORDING TRASOLOGY)

Poplevko G.N.

Abstract

A comprehensive study of flint materials peat site Old Voykovichi 1 includes technological, trasological and planigrafy analysis of flint. For the study were selected trasological all products retouched typologically decorated tools, plates and fragments thereof. The ratio between these typological and trasological analysis shows that using trasology we can get almost five times more guns and more complete picture of economic activity in the parking lot. On the excavation plan 2004-2005, all guns were applied separated by the trasological analysis. The basic amount of guns concentrated in the excavation in 2004 in several squares, arranged in an elongated spots. This suggested that this place was inhabited space site. Two more spots guns concentrations may be associated with production sites in the plaza parking lot. Thus, we can say that the study materials trasological archaeological monuments of the Stone Age enable us to refine the chronological past affiliation to recruit economic complex and to determine the type of hardware and guess the location of the monument of the living space. Site Old Voykovichi 1 can be defined as a seasonal hunting camp the final transition to the Mesolithic and Early Neolithic.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):155-161
pages 155-161 views

THE EARLY NEOLITHIC OF THE UPPER DON

Smolyaninov R.V., Surkov A.V.

Abstract

Traditionally the Early Neolithic of the Upper Don was associated the Middle Don culture (Sinyuk, 1986), but recent researches of the following sites - Karamyshevo 5, 9; Vasilyevsky Kordon 5, 7; Ivnitsa etc. have afforded ground for attributing the Early Neolithic of the Upper Don to Karamyshevo culture. This article analyzes the finds of Karamyshevo culture from 26 sites located in the basin of the Voronezh river. Those collections have all the grounds to be included into Early Neolithic antiquities as they have gone through radiocarbon dating and their chronological position correlates with the data of Elshan, Upper Volga and other Early Neolithic Cultures. In terms of location some Karamyshevo sites can be singled out: - in the Upper Voronezh region near the settlements of Preobrazhenovka and Dobroye in Lipetsk region in the right-bank flood plain of the river on the buttes of terraces above the flood-plain and leveed banks (Vasilyevsky Kordon 3, 5, 7, 25, Ratchino 22, Dobroye 1, Studenovka 3); - in the Middle Voronezh region round Lipetsk and near the settlement of Karamyshevo in Lipetsk region in the flood plain of the river on the buttes of terraces above the flood-plain (Lipetskoye Ozero, Shlyuz, Gudovsky Kordon, Krasny Bugor, Karamyshevo 1, 5, 9, 19 etc.) - in the Lower river region on the border of Lipetsk and Voronezh regions in the left-bank flood plain of the Voronezh river on the buttes of terraces above the flood-plain (Savitskoye 1, Kurino 1, Ivnitsa, Stupino) The sites of Karamyshevo culture show some typical features which are characteristic of the Upper Don region - few stone implements, so the main distinguishing feature of those antiquities is pottery according to its finish and decoration. This pottery has lumpy paste which visually consists of natural inclusions or chamotte in rare cases. More recent pottery finds have sanded paste without visible inclusions which is similar to that of the Middle Don culture. According to the method of finishing the pottery is divided into two groups: thouroughly smoothed and burnished on the outer surface pottery and smoothed one with scratches which seems to be a definite chronological marker. According to their shape the vessels are divided into straight-walled and biconical with a straight or shaped rim and mainly with a pointed bottom. The larger part of Karamyshevo pottery is plain. So among 500 pottery finds from Ivnitsa site 62% of those materials is plain, about 20% is decorated with oval, triangle and paired strokes, 11% is decorated with a short-pitch stamp, 21 finds have thin and shallow lines on the surface and 10 finds are decorated with pits. Here we can speak about a relatively early stage of the site as later sites (Karamyshevo 9, Vasilyevsky Kordon 7) have more decorated pottery. The appearance of pit-like and comb decorations is connected with the final stage of this culture. For dating of Karamyshevo culture we have the dates of the beginning of the Vth century B.C. - the first half of the IVth century B.C. (ВР). On the basis of the above-stated data we can come to a conclusion that at the end of the IVth century B.C. the first pottery complexes appeared in the forest-steppe and forest zones of Eastern Europe and they had a number of common features which specifically formed the basis of local cultures that we single out today and which existed in the Vth century B.C. Such cultures include Karamyshevo culture which sites might have dated back to the first half of the IVth century B.C.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):161-171
pages 161-171 views

ON THE QUESTION OF THE UNITY OF CRITERIA OF NEOLITHIC EPOCH FOR THE CULTURES OF NORTH AND SOUTH

Stawitsky V.V.

Abstract

The first archaeological periodization by H. Thompson was founded on the turn of the materials from which tools were made. J. Lubbock has introduced a new criterion in the periodization of the Stone Age - improving of methods of processing tools that allowed him to identify the Neolithic. By the opinion of Ethnographer L. Morgan, the way of getting livelihood was laid in the base of the periodization. As markers separating one stage of development from another, he have been used an archaeological features of secondary importance. For Neolithic pottery was such a sign. G. Child used the non-arheological periodization of G. Morgan. G. Childe named the producing economy the main criteria of Neolithic. Spreading of the views of G. Child in Western Europe has led to the fact that most of the Neolithic cultures of the forest zone are no longer considered as such. In the Soviet Union, and then Russia has evolved a concept according to which the population of forest crops by developing appropriating economy has reached the same level of social development that the Neolithic cultures with generating economies. Among foreign scholars this view most consistently advocated by M. Zvelebil. However, this argument is based on the concept of subjective interpretation of archaeological artifacts. Common features in the level of development of the cultures of North and South, are generally fixed on the basis of similarity of archaeological (technological) and socio-cultural characteristics, but this similarity is due to various reasons, which lead to different consequences. The transition from the Mesolithic to the Neolithic in the forest zone was carried out not in the revolutionary but in the evolutionary form. If the "revolution" has taken place, then it occurred earlier in the Late Mesolithic, when transition passed from specialized hunting migratory animals to complex hunting- fishing economy. This "Mesolithic revolution" produced demographic growth of Neolithic population, the increase of which was primarily due to favorable natural conditions of Atlantic optimum rather than to improvement of tools and methods of obtaining food. Whereas in the cultures of the South it was the exact opposite. Comparison of socio- economic development of the Neolithic population of the North and South has deep meaning only in terms of the concept of a single line of evolutionary development of human society, according to which the population of different regions held the same stage of development. If we consider that the evolution of the character wore a multi-line, then this comparison is not valid. In our opinion, the whole complex of archaeological materials suggests ways of multiline development of the Neolithic population of different natural areas, the similarity between them is very general in nature.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):171-177
pages 171-177 views

THE INVESTIGATION RESULTS OF A MULTILAYERED SITE OF KAYA ARASY IN CRIMEA

Telizhenko S.A., Veselsky A.P.

Abstract

During the archaeological research of a multilayer Kaya Arasy site of Crimea, a clear stratigraphical sequence of cultural layers was established, that are corresponding to the diverse archaeological contexts. In addition, the material from the previous excavations by the A.A. Schepinskii and A.A. Formozov was analyzed and combining those two datasets the stratigraphic sequence of the Kaya Arasy site was established. The material of the site is currently stored in the Bakhchisaray Historical and Cultural Reserve; however, it was not organized according to the periods and the stratigraphical units. The research presented in this paper allowed to attribute this abandoned material to the chronological sequence of the Kaya Arasy site.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):178-190
pages 178-190 views

SAZAGANSKAYA CULTURE (NEOLITH AVERAGE ZARAFSHAN)

Kholmatov N.U.

Abstract

This article is devoted to problems and perspectives of investigation of monuments, which dated to Neolith Age in the territory of Zarafshan valley. There are questions on the stem of new materials which is connected with culture genesis, cultural relations and also culture presentations were looked through.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):190-196
pages 190-196 views

NEOLITHIC AYAKAGITMA (INTERNAL KYZYLKUM)

Khudjanazarov M., Szymczak K., Brunet F., Hoschimov H.

Abstract

The Article is devoted by new materials of Kaltaminar culture in an example of studying Ajakagetma site from 1995 year till now, research of the problems, concerning earliest stages of the Stone Age and settlement of the human in region of Kyzylkum.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):196-202
pages 196-202 views

NEW INVESTIGATIONS OF THE SITE RAKUSHECHNY YAR IN 2008-2013

Tsybriy A.V., Dolbunova E.V., Mazurkevich A.N., Tsybriy V.V., Gorelik A.F., Matuzevičiūtė G.M., Sablin M.V.

Abstract

Site Rakushechny Yar was excavated in the 1960-1970s. It is one of the key neolithic sites of the southern part of Eastern Europe. Some results of new researches of this site conducted during 2008-2013 are represented in this article. A range of cultural layers was distinguished here which is similar to those described by T.D.Belanovskaya - the first researcher of this site. Several object dated to Middle age - early Neolithic were found here. The chronology of the site is discussed including new dates obtained on different materials.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):203-214
pages 203-214 views

ORLOVKA CULTURE IN THE LIGHT OF NEW DATA ON THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE NEOLITHIC THE STEPPE VOLGA REGION

Yudin A.I.

Abstract

The Varfolomeevka site is a basic location for the characterization of the Orlovka Neolithic culture in the steppe region of Volga River. Currently, there are 35 radiocarbon dates for the three lower layers the Varfolomeevka site. Cultural layers site produced on bone, coal, pottery and the charred crust in the six laboratories of Russia, Ukraine, Sweden and Poland. New radiocarbon dates specified chronology of the Varfolomeevka site. Layer 3 was formed in chronological interval 6200-5900 BC; layer 2 B - in the interval 6200-5700 BC; layer 2 A - in the interval 5600-5200 BC and latest Neolithic layer (1) - in the interval 5400-4800 BC. Received date suggest the following: 1. Precaspian Neolithic culture is formed on the basis of the Orlovka Neolithic culture; 2. These two cultures coexisted in the late Neolithic and the early Aeneolithic age.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):215-220
pages 215-220 views

RESULTS TAXONOMIC DESIGNATION FISH REMAINS FROM EXCAVATIONS OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL BAIBEK SITE 2013

Yanish Y.Y.

Abstract

Iichthyological materials, represented in the article, had been received from field investigations in Neolithic Baibek settlement in 2013 year. In total we investigated 310 fragments of fish, 8 species identified representatives: stellate sturgeon ( Acipenser stellatus ), sterlet ( Acipenser ruthenus ), common carp ( Cyprinus carpio ), bream ( Abramis brama ), zander ( Sander lucioperca ), perch ( Perca fluviatilis ), pike ( Esox lucius ) and catfish ( Silurus glanis ). The results of reconstruction of size, weight and age of the fish is represented in the article. A significant percentage of small-sized fish (70.5%) may indicate lack of food resources in the settlement during the studied period, and species composition suggests year-round fishing , the most actively carried out in the spring and spring-summer period.

Samara Journal of Science. 2014;3(3):220-223
pages 220-223 views

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