FIRST IMPRESSIONS OF EARLY NEOLITHIC RUSSIAN POTTERY TECHNOLOGY


Cite item

Abstract

Ceramics appeared in southern Russia at about the same time as in southern Europe, at ca. 6000 cal BC, but whilst pottery was introduced into southern Europe, together with plant and animal domesticates, from southwest Asia, early Neolithic pottery in eastern Europe was probably developed locally by hunter-gatherers, or derived from other pre-agricultural societies in northern Eurasia. In this paper, four sherds from four different regions of central and southern Russia are analysed using the same methods previously employed in two large-scale research programmes on early Neolithic pottery from the Adriatic and the central Balkans. The four pots were made with different tempering agents and were generally low-fired, but while they may represent different technological traditions to the southern European pottery, the overall technical quality of the hunter-gatherer pottery is no less developed than that of the early farmers.

About the authors

Michela Spataro

UCL Institute of Archaeology

Author for correspondence.
Email: michelaspataro@yahoo.co.uk

Dr , PhD

UCL Institute of Archaeology, London, United Kingdom Department of Conservation and Scientific Research, The British Museum, Great Russell Street, London WC1B 3DG

References

  1. Childe, V. G. 1929. The Danube in Prehistory.Oxford, Clarendon Press.
  2. Piezonka, H. 2015. Jäger, Fischer, Töpfer: WildbeutergruppenmitfrüherKeramik in Nordosteuropaim 6. und 5. Jahrtausend v. Chr. DeutschesArchäologischesInstitut, Archäologie in Eurasien Band 30. Bonn: Habelt Verlag.
  3. Spataro, M. 2002. The First Farming Communities of the Adriatic: Pottery Production and Circulation in the Early and Middle Neolithic. Società per la Preistoria e Protostoria della Regione Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Quaderno 9. Trieste.
  4. Spataro, M. 2011a. A Comparison of Chemical and Petrographic Analyses of Neolithic Pottery from South-Eastern Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science, 38, 2 (2011): 255-269
  5. Tite, M.S. and Y. Maniatis. 1975. Examination of ancient pottery using scanning electron microscope. Nature 257 (5222): 122-123.
  6. Maritan, L., Mazzoli, C. and Freestone, I. 2007. Modelling changes in mollusc shell internal microstructure during firing: implications for temperature estimation in shell-bearing pottery. Archaeometry 49(3), 529-541.
  7. Hammer, Ø., Harper, D.A.T., and Ryan, P.D. 2001. PAST: Palaeontological Statistics software for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica 4(1):9pp.
  8. Kulkova, M.A. and Kulkov, A.M. 2015. Investigations of early Neolithic ceramics from eastern Europe by X-Ray microtomography and petrography. Microscopy and Analysis, 17, 7-10.
  9. Kulkova, M. 2013. unpubl. report. Petrographic analysis of ceramic fragments of the site Zamostje 2 (in Russian).
  10. Spataro M. 2009a. Cultural diversities: the Early Neolithic in the Adriatic region and Central Balkans. A Pottery perspective. In Gheorghiu D. (ed.) Early Farmers, Late Foragers, and Ceramic Traditions: On the Beginning of Pottery in the Near East and Europe, (Chapter 4): 63-86. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle upon Tyne.
  11. Spataro, M. 2009b. The first specialised potters of the Adriatic region: the makers of Neolithic figulina ware. In Forenbaher, S. (ed) A Connecting Sea: Maritime Interaction in Adriatic Prehistory: 59-72. BAR International Series 2037, Oxford.
  12. Feathers, J.K. and Peacock, E. 2008. Origins and spread of shell-tempered ceramics in the eastern woodlands: conceptual and methodological frameworks for analysis. Southeastern Archaeology 27 (2), (Winter 2008), 286-293.
  13. Feathers, J.K. 2006. Explaining Shell-Tempered Pottery in Prehistoric Eastern North America. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 13, 89-133.
  14. Rice, P.M. 1987. Pottery Analysis, A Sourcebook. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London.
  15. Tite, M.S, Kilikoglou, V and Vekinis, G. 2001. Review article. Strength, toughness and thermal shock resistance of ancient ceramics, and their influence on technological choice. Archaeometry 43(3):301-324.
  16. Schiffer, M.B. and Skibo, J.M. 1987. Theory and Experiment in the Study of Technological Change. Current Anthropology, 28(5): 595-609.
  17. Rye, O.S. 1976. Keeping Your Temper under Control: Material and the Manufacture of Papuan Pottery.Archaeology and Physical Anthropology in Oceania 11: 106-137.
  18. Spataro, M. 2011b.Technological uniformity? Early Neolithic ceramics, vessels, cult objects, net weights and daub production in Romania. In Luca, S.A. and Suciu, C. (eds.) The First Neolithic Sites in Central/South-East European Transect: 37-45. BAR, International Series, Oxford.
  19. Spataro, M. and Meadows, J. 2013. Bringing pottery to life: ceramic temper as a cultural identity. BatovicevZbornik. Diadora, 26/27: 59-75.
  20. Kaiser, T., Franklin, U.M. and Vitali, V. 1986. Pyrotechnology and pottery in the Late Neolithic of the Balkans. In: Olin JS, Blackman MJ (eds) Proceedings of the 24th International Archaeometry Symposium, 85-94. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.
  21. Tringham R, Brukner B, Kaiser T, Borojević K, Bukvić L, Šteli P, Russell, N, Stevanović M, and Voytek, B. (1992) Excavations at Opovo, 1985-1987: socioeconomic change in the Balkan Neolithic. Journal of Field Archaeology 19(3):351-386.
  22. Spataro, M. 2014. Continuity and change in pottery manufacture between the early and middle Neolithic of Romania. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 6(2), 175-197.

Copyright (c) 2015 Spataro D.M.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies